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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122-130

Anorectal malformations: Early outcome analysis from a high-volume tertiary care institute

Department of Paediatric Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Gupta
Department of Paediatric Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_59_18

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Context: Associated malformations in anorectal malformation (ARM) are of important implication with regard to final outcomes since the anorectal lesions that cause intestinal obstruction are correctable with operative intervention. Aims: To study the presentation, types of anomalies, associated malformations, and procedures performed in relation to the type of anomaly and early outcomes analysis of ARM patients in the neonatal period. Settings and Design: A retrospective study was performed from January 2016 to December 2016. Subjects and Methods: The study included all patients with ARM admitted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Results: There were 216 neonates having ARM with 173 males and 43 females (m:f = 4:1). High-type ARM was seen in 177 (81.94%) cases, while low type in 39 (18.06%) neonates. Associated malformations were documented in 67 (31.02%) neonates. Esophageal atresia (EA) was the most common (51) associated anomaly. Among the 200 procedures undertaken for ARM, left transverse loop colostomy was the most common (132). Only 83 (38.42%) neonates were diagnosed on the 1st day of life. There were 67 (31.02%) deaths, 145 (67.13%) survivors, and 4 (1.85%) cases left against medical advice. There were only 9 (17.65%) survivors among those associated with EA. Cardiovascular was the most common (39) cause of mortality followed by septicemia (30). Conclusions: An overall high mortality rate of 31.02% and an extremely high rate (74.51%) among those associated with EA were present. In spite of the progress made in the field of neonatal care, associated malformations compounded with a high volume of patients in our resource-limited institution negatively influence the outcome of ARM in the newborn period. Strict infection control measures for prevention of septicemia and investigations for other associated malformations are recommended to improve the outcomes.

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