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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 387-390

Study on surveillance of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases in local population

Department of Pharmacy Practice, NET Pharmacy College, Raichur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shiv Kumar
Department of Pharmacy Practice, NET Pharmacy College, Raichur - 584 103, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_108_18

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Context: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are emerging as the major scope of death and disability worldwide, which is the result of demographic and epidemiological transition along with increase in risk factors resulting from social and economic changes. Aims: The present work was undertaken to study the prevalence of key risk factors for major NCDs in local population. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 by utilizing the World Health Organization formulated STEPwise approach to Surveillance of NCD risk factors. Data were collected from 303 participants aged 25–64 years using structured data collection format which includes demographic details, physical measures, and behavioral measures. Results: The results of the present study shows that illiteracy, overweight, alcohol consumption, smoking/tobacco use, hypertension, physical inactivity, and unhealthy dietary habits are existing in the study population which acts as potential risk factors for the development of various NCDs. Conclusions: The study concludes that both behavioral and physiological risk factors for NCDs exist in the study population. The high prevalence of these risk factors predicts high chances of occurrence of NCDs such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases.

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