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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-62

Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thyroid nodule(s) at a tertiary hospital in West Bengal, India: A 5-year experience

1 Department of Pathology, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, IPGME and R and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Biochemistry, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Susmita Sarkar
Department of Biochemistry, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_127_19

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Introduction: Thyroid nodules are a common clinical finding which is important due to their malignant potential. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is routinely used for first-line diagnosis of thyroid lesions and to differentiate benign from malignant nodules. Objective: The objective was to evaluate the advantage of FNAC as a simple procedure for the diagnosis of thyroid swelling. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at the department of pathology of a tertiary care hospital among 681 diagnosed patients of thyroid swelling who underwent FNAC. The results were interpreted according to the Bethesda nomenclature. Results: The most common age group affected was 20–29 years (29.22%), female patients were 90.46% and that of males were 09.54%, benign cases constituted 91.63%, follicular lesion of undetermined significance were 00.33%, follicular neoplasm were 02.93%, suspicious cases were 00.44%, malignant cases were 4.40%, and unsatisfactory were 00.33%). Among benign group, 45.03% of cases were of colloid goiter and 23.72% were of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The malignant diagnoses yielded 83.33% of papillary carcinoma, 10% of medullary carcinoma, and 3.33% of anaplastic carcinoma. Conclusion: FNAC is a rapid and cost-effective screening test for accurate diagnosis of thyroid swellings.

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