Medical Journal of Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 370--372

Oromandibular dystonia: A rare clinical entity


B Shailaja1, Suprakash Chaudhury1, Shalesh Rohatgi2, Daniel Saldanha1 
1 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Neurology, Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Suprakash Chaudhury
Department of Psychiatry, Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
India

Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is a chronic, disabling focal dystonia involving masticatory, facial, pharyngeal, lingual, and lip muscles. OMD interferes with normal orofacial functions, such as deglutition and speech leading to impaired quality of life. Cosmetic disfiguration and social embarrassment faced by these patients owing to the perturbing nature of movements leads to anxiety, depression and social isolation. There are very few reported cases of OMD in Indian literature as the disorders are often misdiagnosed. We present two cases of OMD who were initially misdiagnosed but later responded well to appropriate therapy. A comprehensive evaluation and a holistic approach are crucial for the prompt management of OMD.


How to cite this article:
Shailaja B, Chaudhury S, Rohatgi S, Saldanha D. Oromandibular dystonia: A rare clinical entity.Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth 2019;12:370-372


How to cite this URL:
Shailaja B, Chaudhury S, Rohatgi S, Saldanha D. Oromandibular dystonia: A rare clinical entity. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Oct 1 ];12:370-372
Available from: http://www.mjdrdypv.org/article.asp?issn=2589-8302;year=2019;volume=12;issue=4;spage=370;epage=372;aulast=Shailaja;type=0