Medical Journal of Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57--62

Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thyroid nodule(s) at a tertiary hospital in West Bengal, India: A 5-year experience


Krishnendu Das1, Mausumi Basu2, Susmita Sarkar3, Sita Chatterjee4 
1 Department of Pathology, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, IPGME and R and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Biochemistry, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Susmita Sarkar
Department of Biochemistry, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal
India

Introduction: Thyroid nodules are a common clinical finding which is important due to their malignant potential. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is routinely used for first-line diagnosis of thyroid lesions and to differentiate benign from malignant nodules. Objective: The objective was to evaluate the advantage of FNAC as a simple procedure for the diagnosis of thyroid swelling. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at the department of pathology of a tertiary care hospital among 681 diagnosed patients of thyroid swelling who underwent FNAC. The results were interpreted according to the Bethesda nomenclature. Results: The most common age group affected was 20–29 years (29.22%), female patients were 90.46% and that of males were 09.54%, benign cases constituted 91.63%, follicular lesion of undetermined significance were 00.33%, follicular neoplasm were 02.93%, suspicious cases were 00.44%, malignant cases were 4.40%, and unsatisfactory were 00.33%). Among benign group, 45.03% of cases were of colloid goiter and 23.72% were of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The malignant diagnoses yielded 83.33% of papillary carcinoma, 10% of medullary carcinoma, and 3.33% of anaplastic carcinoma. Conclusion: FNAC is a rapid and cost-effective screening test for accurate diagnosis of thyroid swellings.


How to cite this article:
Das K, Basu M, Sarkar S, Chatterjee S. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thyroid nodule(s) at a tertiary hospital in West Bengal, India: A 5-year experience.Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth 2020;13:57-62


How to cite this URL:
Das K, Basu M, Sarkar S, Chatterjee S. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thyroid nodule(s) at a tertiary hospital in West Bengal, India: A 5-year experience. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 6 ];13:57-62
Available from: http://www.mjdrdypv.org/article.asp?issn=2589-8302;year=2020;volume=13;issue=1;spage=57;epage=62;aulast=Das;type=0