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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 311-314

Quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Physiotherapy, Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 PT School and Center, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Medicine, Smt. Kashibai Navle Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Ujwal L Yeole
Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_353_19

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Background: Diabetes mellitus, a chronic noncommunicable disease, is associated with long-term damage of multiple organ system with its long-term complications and significantly impacts upon the quality of life (QoL) of affected patients. Methods: A survey was carried out on 245 patients during thirty sessions of diabetes outpatient department at multispecialty hospitals, among which 228 patients agreed for the participation. A final survey was carried on 200 patients, whereas 28 patients did not fit into the criteria. Further evaluation was carried out using the World Health Organization QoL-BREF questionnaire in Hindi, English, and Marathi versions. The mean score and total score of domains were calculated to check the QoL of the patients. Results: Almost 72% of the participants mentioned good QoL in physical domain with 18% mentioning average QoL. Around 35% mentioned excellent QoL in psychological domain with 46% mentioning good QoL. Around 55% mentioned good QoL in social domain. Majority of participants mentioned good (23%) to excellent (71%) QoL in environmental domain. The physical domain demonstrated a mean score of 66.6 ± 9.303 (min 44, max 94). The psychological domain demonstrated the mean score of 70.9, ±15.558, (min 5, max 94). The social domain demonstrated the mean score of 75.96, ±15.245, (min 31, max 100). The environmental domain demonstrated the mean score of 82.19, ±13.211, (min 31, max 100). Conclusion: Overall patients mentioned average-to-good QoL in physical, psychological, and social domain, and a majority of patients had good QoL in environmental domain.

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