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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 356-361

Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice of health-care professionals in adverse drug reaction reporting in a tertiary care hospital

Department of Pharmacy Practice, N.E.T. Pharmacy College, Raichur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shiv Kumar
Department of Pharmacy Practice, N.E.T. Pharmacy College, Raichur - 584 103, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_75_19

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Aims: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out with an aim to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of health-care professionals in adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting. Materials and Methods: The study involved health-care professionals (doctors, pharmacists, and nurses) from Navodaya Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Raichur, during the period from September 2018 to November 2018. Data were collected using especially designed questionnaire form consisting of questions regarding KAP of ADR reporting. Results: Of 100 study population, doctors were more in number (52%) followed by pharmacists (28%) and nurses (20%). Spontaneous reporting system was not much familiar to health-care professionals as a common method used in ADR reporting (53%). Majority of the health-care professionals admitted their responsibility to report ADR (58%). Awareness about nearby ADR monitoring center, Pharmacovigilance Program of India (PvPI) of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization, ADR PvPI app, and ADR reporting form, among health-care professionals were 48%, 12%, 40%, and 47%, respectively, which can be correlated with unsatisfactory awareness among the study population. About 52% of the study population had a neutral response to the question whether ADR reporting is a professional obligation to them. About 38% of the population think that ADR reporting is time-consuming with no outcome, and 31% of the study population expressed a neutral response to the same question. Most of the study population believed that all serious ADRs are known before a drug is marketed (56%). The practice of ADR reporting was low among health-care professionals (61%) though majority of them came across through patients experiencing ADRs (67%). Difficulty in decision-making was the main factor causing ADR underreporting (32%), followed by lack of time (25%). Conclusions: This study revealed that majority of health-care professionals have insufficient knowledge and less positive attitude which resulted in low ADR reporting.

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