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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-25

Abnormalities of liver function tests in acute malaria with hepatic involvement: A case–control study in Eastern India

1 Department of Biochemistry, IPGME and R and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Microbiology, ID and BG Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Microbiology, Purulia Government Medical College, Purulia, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Biochemistry, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Kheya Mukherjee
39, Russa Road, South First Lane, Kolkata - 700 033, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_84_20

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Context: Malaria is one of the major public health problems worldwide with increased morbidity and mortality. India has the fourth highest malaria burden in the world. Malaria parasite affects multiple organs of the body including liver, spleen, brain, kidney, blood vessels etc. Organ dysfunction predominantly seen in Plasmodium falciparum malaria, is not in Plasmodium vivax infections. Aims: The present study investigated the abnormalities of liver function test in acute cases of Plasmodium Falciparum infection. Settings and Design: A hospital-based case–control study conducted in a tertiary care center in West Bengal, India, for a duration of 7 months and included 53 acute falciparum malaria cases attending the outpatient department (OPD) and 47 age and sex matched patients, with complaints unrelated to the present study, as controls. Materials and Methods: Serum levels of bilirubin, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), alkaline phosphatase, total protein and albumin were assayed using autoanalyzer (Konelab 60i autoanalyser). Statistical analysis used: SPSS software version 20 (IBM, New York, USA). Results: In this study serum bilirubin (total, conjugated and unconjugated ) SGOT, SGPT, alkaline phosphatase levels were highly significantly raised in cases with respect to controls. Levels of total protein, albumin and globulin in cases was not significantly different from the corresponding levels in controls. Conclusions: Hepatic function impairment in malaria is an important and potentially dangerous complication. Data from the present study can be useful for future research and also help in determining the prognosis and treatment.

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