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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 87-90

Vein of galen malformation presenting as severe persistent pulmonary hypertension in neonate

Department of Pediatrics, Dr D Y Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Shiji S Chalipat
Department of Pediatrics, Dr D Y Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune - 411 027, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_378_20

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Vein of Galen malformation (VOGM) is a rare type of arteriovenous malformation with majority presenting in neonatal period. The most common presentation is high output cardiac failure and association with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) is rarely reported. If left untreated mortality rate is very high. Endovascular embolization is the preferred treatment modality at present. We describe a full-term male baby presented at 1 h of life with respiratory distress, eventually diagnosed to have PPHN on echocardiography. Ultrasonography cranium done in view of cranial bruit revealed VOGM which later confirmed with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging brain and MR angio and venography. All supportive measures were provided. But because of hemodynamic instability endovascular embolization could not be attempted and baby succumbed due to severe refractory PPHN. We should consider the possibility of VOGM in all refractory cases of PPHN even though the association is very rare.

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