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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 255-264

Pulmonary hypertension: A simplified pulmonologists' perspective

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, TNMC and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Unnati Desai
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, 2nd Floor, OPD Building, TNMC and BYL Nair Hospital, AL Nair Road, Mumbai Central, Mumbai - 400 008, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_48_20

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Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disorder of the pulmonary vasculature caused due to vasoconstriction, vasodestruction, or vaso-obliteration. PH results from heterogeneous pathophysiologic mechanisms culminating in elevation of mean pulmonary arterial pressure. Patients may either present with symptoms or with chest radiographic, electrocardiographic, or echocardiographic findings done as a part of diagnostic evaluation for the primary disease or as a part of preoperative assessment. And hence, the clinician resorted to could be a family physician, pulmonologist, cardiologist, surgeon, or anesthesiologist. Hence, there is a necessity of a basic awareness about its clinical presentations, diagnostic modalities, and the available treatment options. The diagnosis can be perplexing and warrants a stepwise evaluation. Echocardiography (ECHO) is the preliminary diagnostic modality and provides a fairly accurate judgment of the pulmonary artery pressure; however, some patients may require an invasive evaluation by right heart catheterization. The definitive management of PH depends on the underlying etiology. Pulmonary arterial hypertension has a specific set of targeted pharmacotherapy, while for other categories of PH, treatment majorly focuses on counseling, management of the underlying disorder, and cardiopulmonary rehabilitation. The 6th World Symposium on PH has catered to all these issues and has incorporated manifold pertinent modifications in all these areas. Hence, we conducted an online survey to gauge the awareness about the entity and its facets among pulmonologists and penned down this review based the current concepts about PH to bridge the gaps in the existing knowledge.

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