|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 465
Herpes simplex, encephalitis, and predisposing factor
Depatment of Community, Dr. DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Department of Tropical Medicine, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China, India
|Date of Submission||20-Feb-2020|
|Date of Decision||08-May-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||10-May-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||17-Jun-2021|
Depatment of Community, Dr. DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Wiwanitkit V. Herpes simplex, encephalitis, and predisposing factor. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth 2021;14:465
Herpes simplex infection is an important virus infection. The central nervous system involvement of herpes simplex is interesting. In the publication in the Journal, a good example of herpes simplex encephalitis is presented. This condition is life-threatening. Since it is a common kind of viral encephalitis, a practitioner has to recognize and to properly manage a patient. For diagnosis, immunological diagnosis has limited utility and the gold standard for diagnosis is molecular diagnosis using polymerase chain reaction of the cerebrospinal fluid. Nevertheless, the presumptive diagnosis is usually by neuroimaging study (computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging) or electroencephalography. Antiviral therapy, high-dose acyclovir, is proven useful in the management of the patient and helps reduce mortality and complications. In addition to encephalitis, the patient might also have meningitis. In very rare case, retinal necrosis might be a late complication following herpes simplex encephalitis.
In the present report in the Journal, an interesting issue is on the predisposing factors of herpes simplex encephalitis. Either chemotherapy or chronic alcoholism, as known immunodeteriorating environmental factors, might predispose herpes simplex encephalitis. Nevertheless, new data show the role of genetic predisposing factors. As noted by Zhang et al., genetic defects in the Toll-like receptor (TLR3)-interferon (IFN) and IFN-responsive pathways could predispose the encephalitis. The interrelationship among possible environmental and genetic predisposing for herpes simplex encephalitis is interesting and warrants further researches.
| References|| |
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