|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 6 | Page : 945-946
Vitamin D deficiencies: The fading sunshine in lockdown eclipse
Swati Ghonge, Kajal Srivastava, Chaitali Borgaonkar
Department of Community Medicine, Dr D Y Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Submission||28-Dec-2021|
|Date of Decision||12-Jan-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||04-Feb-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||11-Jul-2022|
Dr. Chaitali Borgaonkar
A1- 502, Swarganga Society, Vallabh Nagar, Pimpri, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Ghonge S, Srivastava K, Borgaonkar C. Vitamin D deficiencies: The fading sunshine in lockdown eclipse. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth 2022;15:945-6
|How to cite this URL:|
Ghonge S, Srivastava K, Borgaonkar C. Vitamin D deficiencies: The fading sunshine in lockdown eclipse. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Jan 30];15:945-6. Available from: https://www.mjdrdypv.org/text.asp?2022/15/6/945/350680
The global pandemic of COVID-19 has snatched from many, their lives apart from livelihoods, mental health, and the much needed sunshine vitamin, later mostly as a result of the unending panic and lockdowns. The cycle seems to be vicious as, the more the lockdown, the more will be the decrease in levels of serum Vitamin D due to restricted outdoor activity. Vitamin D is primarily produced in the skin after exposure to ultraviolet radiation, and <10% is derived from dietary sources.
The effects due to Vitamin D deficiency are already seen in the children in the form of soft bone cases. With continued closure of schools for such long duration, we are in the process of creating a generation which may be more prone to infections as a result of such deficiencies and questionable exposure to outside world, much needed for immunological memory to work efficiently.
Human studies have shown that poor Vitamin D status prenatally is associated with adverse neuropsychiatric outcomes including schizophrenia and child autism., Two recent longitudinal studies showed a link between maternal Vitamin D status in early pregnancy and delayed neurocognitive development including language impairment, mental development, and psychomotor development in early childhood., Adding to this is the lack of exercises and increased screen time for children which is leading to tremendous gain in weight during lockdown. We already have data to support correlation of high mortality in COVID-19 with obesity. The role of Vitamin D in obesity itself is also under study.
The prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency is 50%–90% in the Indian subcontinent. With the unending new viral entrants and variants, the fear of outdoor activities and exposure may further increase, leading to aggravation of Vitamin D deficiency further and also poor outcome for even a simple general viral infection.
Lesson learned from this situation is to emphasize the importance of daily sunlight exposure and outdoor physical activities among all age groups and weighing the risk–benefit aspects of the lockdown. Parents of school-going children must be emphasized, the importance of the sunshine vitamin so that they send kids to schools without out of proportion fear, which may actually be counterproductive on their kids' overall health.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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