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Knowledge, attitude, and practices among police force toward COVID-19 pandemic during lockdown in Pune, India - An online cross-sectional survey


1 Department of Paediatrics, John Hopkins Clinical Trial Unit, BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Joint Director Department, DMER, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, John Hopkins Clinical Trial Unit, BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Commissioner of Police Department, Pune, Maharashtra, India
5 John Hopkins Clinical Trial Unit, BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Kulkarni,
Department of Paediatrics, BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_303_20

Background: COVID-19 has affected millions of people and more than thirty thousand deaths. Social distancing and lockdown are important measures for prevention. Police personnel are losing their lives due to COVID-19 while doing their duty in this lockdown time. Aim: The study aims to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of police force toward COVID-19. To assess correlation of knowledge with their practices and attitude. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, self-administered, anonymous survey questionnaire was administered to 8706 police personnel and data collected over a time period from April 11 to 16, 2020. We used t-test and multivariable binary logistic regression analysis to identify the association between KAP and demographic variables. Results: In all 8706 police personnel participated in the study. The median age of participants was 35 years (interquartile range: 19–59), 6787 (77.9%) were male, 6675 (76.6%) were of constable grade. Seven thousand three hundred thirty-two (83.7%) of participants recorded accurate (high) knowledge, and 6790 (78%) reported following preventive practices. Female participants were more likely to follow preventive measures despite low knowledge as compared to their male counterparts (P < 0.0001). Female gender, age more than 35 years, and lower rank were associated with low knowledge and fear of contracting the disease. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis showed that low knowledge is significantly associated with fear of getting disease odds ratio 1.29; 95% confidence interval (1.15–1.46). Conclusion: In a cohort of police personnel, overall knowledge about COVID-19 is high. Female participants are found to be practicing appropriate preventive measures and they have faced stigmatizing behavior from society. The study provides important information on the need for developing health awareness programs to improve COVID-19 KAP.


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    -  Sonkawade D N
    -  Kinikar A A
    -  Kulkarni R
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