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Hand hygiene in housekeeping staffs: An assessment of their perceptions and practices in a tertiary care hospital of Kolkata

 Department of Community Medicine, IPGME and R, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Ankita Mishra,
Department of Community Medicine, 1st Floor, Academic Building, IPGME&R, 244 AJC Bose Road, Kolkata-700 020, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_415_20

Background: Hand hygiene is the single most important measure for preventing infection. However, this is often insufficiently recognized by the housekeeping staffs, who are not involved in direct patient care but have frequent contact with the patient's environment. This could lead to increase in transmission of nosocomial infections. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to analyze the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding hand hygiene among housekeeping staffs of a tertiary care hospital in Kolkata. Materials and Methods: A descriptive type of observational study with cross-sectional design was conducted on 260 housekeeping staffs of a tertiary care hospital in Kolkata in 2019 using a predesigned, pretested, and structured schedule. The statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Office Excel 2007 (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, USA) and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25.0. Results: 83.5% and 60.4% of the study population had satisfactory attitude and practice regarding hand hygiene, respectively, but only 37.3% had a satisfactory knowledge. Working in pediatrics and OBG departments had statistically significant odds of satisfactory knowledge (P < 0.05). Female gender and working in surgical/medical departments showed statistically significant odds (P < 0.05) of having positive attitude. Experience of ≤5 years in this work and receiving training had a positive association with good practice of hand hygiene. Conclusion: The overall low scores on the knowledge items indicate that these staffs require continuous in-house training on hand hygiene throughout their employment.

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